The phenomenon is sampled at a particular instant in time but with a frequency that is too coarse for interpreting the record as continuous. This would be the case when the spacing is significantly larger than the support and the time scale of fluctuation of the phenomenon, such as for example infrequent water quality samples.
Sporadic
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The values represent the average over a time interval, such as daily mean discharge or daily mean temperature.
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Average
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Continuous
A quantity specified at a particular instant in time measured with sufficient frequency (small spacing) to be interpreted as a continuous record of the phenomenon.
Incremental
The values represent the incremental value of a variable over a time interval, such as the incremental volume of flow or incremental precipitation.
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Standard error of mean
The standard error of the mean (SEM) quantifies the precision of the mean. It is a measure of how far your sample mean is likely to be from the true population mean. It is expressed in the same units as the data.
See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_error
Best Easy Systematic Estimator BES = (Q1 +2Q2 +Q3)/4. Q1, Q2, and Q3 are first, second, and third quartiles. See Woodcock, F. and Engel, C., 2005: Operational Consensus Forecasts.Weather and Forecasting, 20, 101-111. (http://www.bom.gov.au/nmoc/bulletins/60/article_by_Woodcock_in_Weather_and_Forecasting.pdf) and Wonnacott, T. H., and R. J. Wonnacott, 1972: Introductory Statistics. Wiley, 510 pp.
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Best easy systematic estimator
The values are the minimum values occurring at some time during a time interval, such as 7-day low flow for a year or the daily minimum temperature.
Minimum
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The values represent the variance of a set of observations made over a time interval. Variance computed using the unbiased formula SUM((Xi-mean)^2)/(n-1) are preferred. The specific formula used to compute variance can be noted in the methods description.
Variance
Maximum
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The values are the maximum values occurring at some time during a time interval, such as annual maximum discharge or a daily maximum air temperature.
Mode
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The values are the most frequent values occurring at some time during a time interval, such as annual most frequent wind direction.
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The values are quantities that can be interpreted as constant for all time, or over the time interval to a subsequent measurement of the same variable at the same site.
Constant over interval
The values are categorical rather than continuous valued quantities.
Categorical
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The values represent the standard deviation of a set of observations made over a time interval. Standard deviation computed using the unbiased formula SQRT(SUM((Xi-mean)^2)/(n-1)) are preferred. The specific formula used to compute variance can be noted in the methods description.
Standard deviation
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
Cumulative
The values represent the cumulative value of a variable measured or calculated up to a given instant of time, such as cumulative volume of flow or cumulative precipitation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confidence_interval
In statistics, a confidence interval (CI) is a type of interval estimate of a statistical parameter. It is an observed interval (i.e., it is calculated from the observations), in principle different from sample to sample, that frequently includes the value of an unobservable parameter of interest if the experiment is repeated. How frequently the observed interval contains the parameter is determined by the confidence level or confidence coefficient.
Confidence Interval
Wikipedia
The standard error of the mean (SEM) quantifies the precision of the mean. It is a measure of how far your sample mean is likely to be from the true population mean. It is expressed in the same units as the data.
Standard error of the mean
See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_error
A vocabulary for describing the calculated statistic associated with recorded observations. The aggregation statistic is calculated over the time aggregation interval associated with the recorded observation.
ODM2 Working Group
ODM2 Aggregation Statistic Controlled Vocabulary
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy
The aggregation statistic is unknown.
Unknown
The values represent the median over a time interval, such as daily median discharge or daily median temperature.
Median
Adapted from CUAHSI HIS DataTypeCV. See http://his.cuahsi.org/mastercvreg/edit_cv11.aspx?tbl=DataTy